Red Angus DNA

How to Submit DNA to Red Angus

  • Request DNA collection kit (hair or FTA blood card) from RAAA via email or calling the National Office – (940) 387-3502 ext 8. Straws of semen and AllFlex Tissue Sampling Units (TSUs) continue to be acceptable DNA sample types.
  • Choose a lab. Download and complete the respective order form for the appropriate lab by clicking the GeneSeek icon below.
  • Mail collected sample, and order form to RAAA Attn: DNA Sample
  • RAAA will ‘log’ submitted samples into the database and forward to DNA lab
  • DNA lab performs requested work and sends results back to RAAA
  • RAAA applies the results to the database and forwards results back to submitting member
  • For more information on submitting DNA samples, view our DNA video series.

The GeneSeek/Neogen lab utilized by RAAA is located in Lincoln, Nebraska. The Animal Information page on the order form below can be filled out electronically and forwarded to dna@redangus.org, or completed by hand. Please include a signed hard copy of the form with the samples sent to RAAA. Basic testing prices are outlined below.

Test Added on to GGP Price
AM, CA, MA, NH, OS NH Only: $10 $20
DD $20 $25
SeekSire Parentage (SNP) $15
GGP-HD (High Density)* $90
GGP-LD (Low Density)* $48
GGP-uLD (Ultra Low Density)* $34
Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) $6 $8
Hair Sample Submission Fee $5

*Requires RAAA Registration prior to sample submission.

GeneSeek DNA Order Forms

Download PDF Download Spreadsheet Aside from basic parentage and defect testing options, GeneSeek offers three variants of genomically enhanced (“50K”) tests. These tests are labeled as GGP (GeneSeek Genomic Profile) and all include data to enhance your registered animals EPDs and parentage verification. To read more about the all GGP testing, click here. Click here to read about DNA sample collection and use the guide below to help you collect your DNA samples.


 

In the last five years, significant advancements have been made in the power of DNA technology. The foundation of the vast majority of those advancements is largely due to the ability to accurately identify Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP). Initially, this technology was cost prohibitive; however, advancements have allowed this technology to become the most cost-effective DNA technology available.

The “quickly becoming obsolete” DNA technology of Short Tandem Repeat (STR), also known as Micro-Satellite, has been largely replaced with SNP DNA technology for parentage determination and genetic defect testing in beef cattle. In fact, machines that perform STR are no longer manufactured.

In June 2011, the RAAA Board of Directors approved transitioning from STR to SNP DNA technology for parentage determination purposes. Effective July 1, 2012, RAAA will only accept parentage results conducted using SNP DNA technology. RAAA has deployed multiple strategies to support a cost-efficient and seamless transition. The most significant implemented strategy: RAAA taking a more active role in the DNA process by bringing parentage and genetic defect work ‘in-house.’ Through leveraging member’s collective buying power, this change will significantly reduce the cost of parentage and genetic defect testing. Additionally, this structure will allow for efficiencies to be gained in the registration of animals.

The 2017 sire “on file” DNA Requirement

“Beginning with the 2017 calf crop, all bulls that are the source of natural mating (pasture breeding), parent verification is required to the extent that the parent(s) SNP parentage genotypes are on file at an approved testing facility. A copy of the DNA record on such bull must be on file with the Association as a requirement of progeny registration. DNA typing of the bulls to be used as AI sires will be at the submitting party’s expense. (Rev. 6-15, beginning with calves born on or after January 1, 2017).”

Please see Section I of the RAAA Breeders Guide for all DNA requirements.

 

Genetic Defects monitored by RAAA

Arthrogryposis Multiplex (AM)
Contractural Arachnodactyly (CA)
Neuropathic Hydrocephlus (NH)
Pulmonary Hypoplasia with Anasarca (PH)
Developmental Duplication (DD)
Double Muscling (DM)
Hypotrichosis (HY)
Osteopetrosis (OS)
Syndactyly (SN)
Dwarfism (DW)
Alpha-Mannosidosis (MA)
Protoporphyia (PR)
Tibial Hemimelia (TH)

 

No species is immune from genetic defects; several genetic defects have been discovered, and for the most part eliminated, in breeds of cattle. Due to their inheritance pattern, genetic defects can remain hidden for many generations, often not rearing their "ugly head" until some degree of inbreeding is practiced. Most genetic defects exist as simple recessives.

The majority of abnormal appearing calves are not genetic defects. Environmental effects such as the virus BVD and toxic weeds can mimic genetic defects. Therefore, extensive testing must be performed to rule out all non-genetic causes. Reference your RAAA Rules and Regulations (pg 17) to review the steps for investigating possible genetic defect carriers and a description of all genetic defects monitored by RAAA. Abnormal calves should be immediately reported to the National Office. It is imperative that the abnormal animal not be destroyed, as an autopsy must be performed and samples taken to verify parentage through DNA.

Finding Defects in my herd

Genetic Defect Test Summary

Accessible via the REDSPro portion of the website, RAAA members can utilize the Genetic Defect Test Summary to evaluate the genetic defect status of their active animals.

To access this tool:

  • Login to your account and select the "Herd Management" tab, "My Reports."
  • In the left column, select your group. In the right column, select "Genetic Defect Test Summary."
  • The resulting report displays the status (tested-free or carrier) of animals that have been DNA tested for genetic defects.
Genetic Defect Suspect Summary

RAAA members may also check the genetic defect status and potential carriers in the pedigree through the Genetic Defect Test Summary.

  • Login to your account and select the "Herd Management" tab, "My Reports."
  • In the left column, select your group. In the right column, select "Genetic Defect Suspect Summary."
  • The resulting report displays the defect status (tested-free or carrier). If the animal is a potential carrier, the report displays the number of generations back the defect is found.

THR Data + Genomic DNA Testing = Unsurpassed Reliability of Genetic Predictions

The reliability of RAAA EPDs have now reached new heights. Red Angus stakeholders now have the option of incorporating genomic data into EPD calculations. Combining information gained from the GGP/50K products with nearly two decades of RAAA Total Herd Reporting (THR) data provides Red Angus stakeholders with the most reliable genetic predictions in the beef industry.

Information gained from the GGP/50K products will be simply incorporated into RAAA EPD calculations. Identical to information gained from an animal’s own performance or progeny performance, the information gained from genomic tests have the capacity to influence the tested animal’s EPDs and Accuracy. Through increasing the accuracy of EPDs, Red Angus stakeholders are provided EPDs with increased reliability to use in their selection decisions.

Special Promotion for Female DNA Submissions!

The genomic data added to the female doubles as selection criteria that is equal to adding the following records to REDSPro.

  • 21 Birth Weights
  • 22 Weaning Weights
  • 15 Calving Ease Direct Scores
  • 25 Stayability Records

In effort to reward breeders that use the most effective sampling method and participate in the submission of female genotypes, RAAA will begin a TSU reimbursement program on July 1, 2018. Download the PDF for complete details.

Female_DNA_Submission_7-2018_web

GeneSeek DNA Order Forms

Download PDF Download Spreadsheet